Alfred Oliver Pollard
|Born||4 May 1893|
|Died||5 December 1960 (aged 67)|
|Service/|| British Army|
Royal Air Force
|Unit||Honourable Artillery Company|
|Battles/wars||World War I|
|Awards|| Victoria Cross|
Military Cross & Bar
Distinguished Conduct Medal
Alfred Oliver Pollard Victoria Cross (VC), the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. He later became a prolific author of crime and mystery books.(4 May 1893 – 4 December 1960) was an English recipient of the
Pollard was born in Wallington, Surrey, and was educated at St Olave's Grammar School and Merchant Taylors' School, 1906–1908. He had volunteered for service in the British Army on 8 August 1914, enlisting in the Honourable Artillery Company (HAC). Up to that date, he had worked as a clerk at an insurance company.
He spent most of the First World War on the Western Front and was twice wounded, on both occasions returning to his unit after recovering. In September 1915 while a sergeant, he received the Distinguished Conduct Medal (DCM) for bravery in Sanctuary Wood, in the Ypres Salient. In January 1916 he was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the Honourable Artillery Company, twice earning the Military Cross (MC) before he was awarded the VC for the following action:
On 29 April 1917 at Gavrelle, France, the troops of various units had become disorganised owing to the heavy casualties from shell fire and a subsequent determined attack with very strong forces caused further confusion and retirement. Second Lieutenant Pollard realised the seriousness of the situation and with only four men he started a counter-attack with bombs, pressing it home until he had broken the enemy attack and regained all that had been lost and much ground in addition. This officer's splendid example inspired courage into every man who saw him.
After the war, Pollard found it hard to settle and took a variety of jobs. In June 1924 he entered the Royal Air Force as a pilot, but resigned as a flying officer in December 1926. He then became a professional writer, including an autobiography, Fire-Eater: the Memoirs of a VC published in 1932, which recounts his experience of the war, from joining the HAC on the outbreak of war up to the armistice. It depicts a man who was able to deal with the violence and huge loss of life by rationalising it as a necessary evil to destroy the enemy. His other works – about 60 over three decades – were mainly mystery, murder or spy novels. He also worked as a columnist for a number of London and provincial newspapers and undertook some broadcasting for BBC radio.
His elder brother, Frank, was also a member of the HAC but, when he believed he would not be sent to the front, deserted and joined the Grenadier Guards. He was killed in action in September 1916, just before he was to be sent back to England on an officers' commissioning course.
In 1918, Pollard married Mary Ainsley of Trefilan, Purley, the marriage ended in divorce in 1924. In September 1925 he married Violet Irene Swarbrick. There were no children by either marriage.
From British Library catalogue (Accessed August 2010).
- A. O. Pollard: Fire-Eater. The Memoirs of a VC. London 1932
- Cave, N.T.A (2004). "Pollard, Alfred Oliver". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/63735. Retrieved 29 November 2021. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- "No. 12873". The Edinburgh Gazette. 17 November 1915. p. 1754.
- "No. 29449". The London Gazette (Supplement). 21 January 1916. p. 991.
- "No. 30001". The London Gazette (Supplement). 23 March 1917. p. 2985.
- "No. 30135". The London Gazette (Supplement). 15 June 1917. p. 5983.
- "No. 30122". The London Gazette (Supplement). 8 April 1917. pp. 5703–5704.
- "Known Graves of Holders of the Victoria Cross in: Dorset". victoriacross.org. Archived from the original on 27 October 2004. Retrieved 28 November 2004.
- "Explore the British Library".
- Lewis-Stempel, John, 'Six Weeks The Short and Gallant Life of the British Officer in the First World War', Orion Books Ltd, 2011
- Valour in the Trenches! 'Bombo' Pollard VC MC* DCM HAC in The Great War by N S Nash, Pen & Sword Military, 2011
- "Casualty Details: Pollard, James Frank". Commonwealth War Graves Commission.
- "Victoria Cross Research Page - P".